Most scenarios resulted in an ongoing growth of population and of the economy until to a turning point around 2030. Only drastic measures for environmental protection proved to be suitable to change this systems behaviour, and only under these circumstances, scenarios could be calculated in which both world population and wealth could remain at a constant level. However, so far the necessary political measures were not taken.
"We must leave oil before it leaves us" Fatih Birol, Chief Economist EIA, 2008 Peak Oil represents the point in time when roughly half of the ultimate available oil has already been used. Many scientists and experts belie... [...] read more
Are there Limits to Growth?
Webcast of Ian Johnson's speech "Limits to Growth - A Re-assessment" in the Seminar Series 2011 - "Is the Planet Full?" at the Oxford Martin School of the University of Oxford now available. [...] read more
Model the Future
International Futures - a modeling system International Futures (IFs) is a large-scale, long-term, integrated global modeling system. It represents demographic, economic, energy, agricultural, socio-political, and environmental subsystems for 183 countries interacting in the global system. [...] read more
What was the message of Limits to Growth
by Jorgen Randers, one of the authors of "Limits to Growth" Read or download print version [...] read more
A safe operating space for humanity
In 2009, the Stockholm Resilience Centre published a report on Planetary Boundaries. According to the estimates of an international group of scientists, three of the nine crucial boundaries have already been overstepped. [...] read more
Cassandra's curse: how "The Limits to Growth" was demonized
by Ugo Bardi, Professor of Chemistry at the Department of Chemistry of the University of Firenze, Italy. An account on how the criticism on Limits to Growth developed. [...] read more
Revisiting The Limits to Growth: Could The Club of Rome have been correct after all?
In 2000, Matthew R. Simmons (founder of Simmons & Company International, a private investment bank that specializes in energy research, trading, and capital structuring) published a lengthy article about Limits to Growth, title "Revisting the Limits to Growth: Could the Club of Rome have been correct after all?" [...] read more
The Limits to Growth Revisited
In "The Limits to Growth Revisited", Ugo Bardi examines both the science and the polemics surrounding this work, and in particular the reactions of economists that marginalized its methods and conclusions for more than 30 years. [...] read more